CBD (or Cannabidiol) is a natural compound found abundantly in the hemp plant. Unlike THC, CBD has no psychoactive side effects and will not get you “high.” Instead, CBD works hand-in-hand with your body’s own endocannabinoid receptors to support overall wellness. More and more clinical research is opening our eyes to the benefits of CBD.
Both marijuana and hemp are members of the cannabis family so there are similarities, but they are fundamentally different because marijuana can get you “high” and industrial hemp cannot get you “high”. This is due to the amount of THC that the cannabis variety produces (0.3% THC and below is considered hemp, while over 0.3% is considered marijuana). THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is the cannabinoid found in cannabis known to have psychotoxic properties to which the “high” feeling is attributed.
The main difference between THC and CBD is that THC binds to CB-1 receptors in the central nervous system. CBD has a different molecular structure than THC and so does not have a strong affinity to CB-1 receptors (or to CB-2 receptors in peripheral nervous system), rather it works mainly by inhibiting the FAAH enzyme responsible for breaking down anandamide, an endogenous cannabinoid (produced by the body).
No, CBD will not get you high. It actually has been proven to have the opposite effect by blocking the receptors of THC and lessening the psychotoxic effect when present in a THC strain. It’s safe to take CBD and go on normally with your day.
Although from most of what you read out there you would think that Hemp oil and CBD oil are the same things, but they are not! This is very important to understand if you want to take the oil that is going to give you the greatest benefit. Hemp oil gives you so much more than just CBD.
First, it’s essential to note that hemp oil is not the same thing as hemp seed oil. Hemp seed oil is extracted only from the seeds of the hemp plant typically using a cold-press. Hemp seed oil, while rich in omega acids, does not contain cannabinoids or terpenes.
CBD oil can refer to the isolated CBD compound added to a carrier oil, to CBD extracted from either hemp or marijuana, or to a broad or full spectrum of compounds in addition to CBD added to an oil. Hemp oil is more specifically referring to extractions from the aerial plant parts (mostly leaves and flowers) of hemp plants.
Hemp oil is derived from industrial hemp plants, which are cannabis sativa varieties that naturally produce less than 0.3% THC (the compound in cannabis that is known for producing a psychotoxic effect commonly referred to as being “high”). There are several different methods that can be used to extract the beneficial compounds from the hemp.
Hemp oil is 100% legal in the United States and in many other countries in the world. Hemp oil is made from industrial hemp which is an agricultural crop. Industrial Hemp is not the same as marijuana. While these plants are in the same family, they have very different uses and effects when consumed, and are regulated differently.
Hemp oil is derived from industrial hemp plants and is federally legal in all of the 50 states in the United States. Currently, CBD derived from marijuana is not federally legal. The government classifies hemp as any plant of the cannabis family that contains less than 0.3% THC—this is federally legal. It classifies “marijuana” as any plant of the cannabis family that contains greater than 0.3% THC—this is federally illegal.
The general rule when wondering how much CBD oil to take is to start small and increase your dosage as you go. It’s always easier to take more if you aren’t feeling the effects. A dose from 10 to 20 mg taken 1-2 times daily is typically a good dosage to start with.
Many people feel the effects of using hemp oil immediately whether used as a herbal remedy or for topical use. For others, it takes a little more time. When taken orally as a herbal remedy, the hemp oil goes directly to the body’s Endocannabinoid System (ECS). The ECS is the body’s primary regulatory system. Like most herbal remedies, everyone will feel the effects of them differently and at different times.
The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) is the largest collection of biological receptors in the human body. Endocannabinoid receptors are found on the surface of various cells throughout our nervous systems, immune systems, and organs. Various studies have shown that the ECS helps regulate biological processes like pain, inflammation, memory, energy metabolism and more. The main goal of the ECS is to help your body maintain homeostasis, or balance.
Cannabinoids are a diverse class of chemical compounds, Endocannabinoid refers to those that occur naturally in the body, while Phytocannabiniod refers to those that occur naturally in several plants including cannabis. Phytocannabinoids are the primary chemical compounds found in all cannabis plants.
The Entourage Effect refers to the combined effect of the cannabinoids, terpenes, and other beneficial compounds in the plant working together in synergy. The combined effect is greater than the sum of the individual effects. Only full-spectrum hemp oils deliver a complete true entourage effect.
Full-spectrum hemp oils are made with whole plant hemp extracts that contain all of the beneficial phytocannabinoids (CBG, CBN, and others), terpenes (beta-caryophyllene, b –pinene, humulene, and limonene), plus flavonoids, polyphenols, and other important hemp-derived phytocompounds. In contrast, some hemp oil products are made from isolate, which is just one singular compound (such as CBD) added to a carrier oil, and therefore do not contain any of the other beneficial phytonutrients or provide the “entourage effect”.
These are probably the most familiar as it’s the group that CBD falls into. While CBD is one of the most abundant, did you know that there are other cannabinoids that can be found in hemp plants? It’s true. Cannabinol (CBN), cannabigerol (CBG), and cannabidivarin (CBDV) are all brothers and sister compounds to the more well-known CBD.
Surprisingly, their main trait is the varied colors they provide to plants of all kinds. Juicy red beets, bright blue berries, and emerald heads of fresh lettuce: all the work of flavonoids. As well as this highly visible role, they also interact with the growth of plants in their various stages of development. Research shows that when we take them into our bodies, they can help with our ability to self-regulate our complex internal processes.
These are oils that give plants their unique aromas, and similar to cannabinoids you can find many varieties in hemp. More than just a pleasant smell, terpenes are produced in the same region in hemp as cannabinoids as well as common to other botanicals and can act on the same receptors in our bodies that CBD does. This means they bring with them a host of effects that can be used to benefit you. In some cases may even be more powerful that what a cannabinoid like CBD can provide. We love our terpenes and their benefits so much.